Benign prostatic hyperplasia or in simple words age-related enlargement of prostate gland impinges on to prostatic part of the urethra and causes obstructive urinary symptoms. Here are a few interesting facts about benign prostatic hypertrophy.
1. Risk Factors:
Unfortunately all the risk factors contributing towards the development of benign prostatic hypertrophy are fixed, which means those cannot be modified to prevent the development of said condition. These risk factors include:
By the age of 50 years, 50 % of the men will be having some kind of evidence of benign prostatic hypertrophy while 30% will have the symptoms of the condition. While by the age of 80 years 80% of men will have evidence of benign prostatic hypertrophy.
B. Ethinc Grounds:
Asian men are the most affected ethnicity followed by whites and least affected are blacks.
2. Symptoms of Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy:
Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) can give rise to a variety of symptoms. Which may include:
A. Obstructive Voiding Symptoms:
These symptoms include weak intermittent urinary flow, straining while voiding, hesitancy in micturition, dribbling towards the end of voiding and incomplete emptying of bladder.
B. Irritative Storage Symptoms:
This group of symptoms includes urgency in micturition, increased frequency of micturition, incontinence due to urgency, and frequent urge to urinate at night.
C. Complications of Obstruction:
Complications of urinary obstruction include urinary tract infection, retention of urine in bladder and at some point in time when there is enough retention of urine and development of obstructive pressure there will be retrograde flow of urine leading to obstructive uropathy.